Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd
Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd in Yazd
- ThemeHistory and Culture
- Duration1 hr(s)
- Tell035 3624 4185
Visiting the fire temple of Zoroastrians in Yazd city which is built in 1934. The fire in the temple is dated back to 470 AD.
- Spring8:00-11:45 *16:00-19:45
* Best Time
Explore the Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd
Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd
Being the oldest monotheistic religion in the world, Zoroastrianism was the official religion of Iran before Islam. However, Islam didn't erase all the traces of Zoroastrianism from its birth-land and a minority of Zoroastrians still practice their ancestral religion. In Zoroastrianism, fire is one of the most venerated symbols associated with the divine being. Therefore, during history, many fire temples have been built to keep the sacred fire alive. One of these fire temples, though dating from a much more recent time, is the fire temple of Yazd.
The Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd (Atashkadeh-e Yazd) houses the last one of the nine fires known as Atash Bahram or the victorious fire. Considered by Zoroastrians as the most sacred fire, Atash Bahram was consecrated through a long and elaborate process observed by a high number of Zoroastrian priests (Moubed). In order to establish Atash Bahram, fires were brought from 16 different sources, each of which purified through a special ritual. The original house of this Atash Bahram was in Fars province, Pars Karyan fire temple (Azar Farnbagh), one of the three greatest Sassanid fire temples. Before landing in its final house in 1946, this fire traveled to different places.
Thanks to the efforts of Jamshid Amanat, the temple was built in 1934 on a piece of land donated by Amanat brothers from the community of Iranian Zoroastrians. It was constructed with the financial support of the Parsis association in India, who are themselves descendants of the Zoroastrian immigrants from Iran. The temple was opened to non-Zoroastrian visitors in the 1960s, a decision which displeased some Zoroastrian priests who didn’t want the sacredness of the place to be disturbed. The building is inspired by Achaemenid and Indian style of architecture. Greenery is admired by Zoroastrians and the temples are usually surrounded by gardens of pine and cypress trees. The facade of the building with tall stone pillars and the reflection in the round pond in front of the structure make a spectacle. The frontispiece of the temple is a blue-tiled Farvahar which symbolizes divine power. It represents a guardian or fravashi with outstretched wings, which is mostly representative of Zoroastrian principal tenets: good thoughts, good words, and good deeds.
The main hall of the monument is reached by eight stairs. The 1525-year old fire, Atash Bahram, is burning in a bronze vessel kept in a glass chamber. This sacred fire was brought from the Karian fire temple of Larestan to Aqda, a city in Yazd province. The fire burnt there for about 700 years and then was transferred to another city of Yazd, Ardakan. Finally, after 300 years, it was brought to Yazd and when this fire temple was constructed in 1934, this blessed fire was placed here. No one can enter the fire sanctum but the priest (Hirbod) who is in charge of taking care of the fire. Some rooms have been designed around the fire chamber for praying. On the walls of the hall, you find portraits of the ancient Iranian prophet Zoroaster and quotes from the Avesta, the Zoroastrian scripture. The English translation of some of the sentences is also available there.
The temple is open from 8:00 AM -11:45 AM and 4:00 PM – 7:45 PM (during the spring and summer), and from 8:00 AM – 11:45 AM and 3:00 PM- 6:45 PM (during the autumn and winter)
It is closed on Fridays.
- Koufteh (persian meat balls) in Shater Abbas Restaurant2 €
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